Lifestyle of Mountain Gorillas in Africa

Mountain Gorillas can be tracked in the south western part of Uganda in the national parks of Bwindi impenetrable forest and Mgahinga national park, then in Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda as well as Virunga National Park in DR congo. The life type of these rare apes is very interesting and therefore becomes must to each and very traveller interested in knowing much about the gorillas to book a gorilla trekking safari in Africaafrican-gorillas

Mountain gorillas in Africa live in groups consisting of rough estimate of 8 to 35 individual members. The interest aspect is that each and every group has leader called silverback and the silverback is accompanied by various females who are also followed by their young ones. Due to the factor that the endangered mountain gorillas can only be found in the three countries i.e. Uganda, Rwanda and Congo in the whole world, visitors therefore have one option to book gorilla safaris in Africa and this will enable them to have one magical hour of interaction with the mountain gorillas and hence making each other to study lifestyle of gorillas.

In Uganda an ordinary day in the life of the rare mountain gorilla begins at 6 am when the sun is setting off. The mountain gorillas wake up early morning and start to gather food and mostly the mountain gorillas spend an estimate of 30% moving to look for food and roughly spend 40% resting and 30% traveling. Unlike other primates, mountain gorillas mainly live on the ground and they usually move a distance not more than one kilometer each and every day beyond their home boundaries which is range of 20 square kilometers.

Taking gorilla trekking safari in Africa will enable visitor know that Mountain Gorillas are vegetarians, because their diet mainly is composed of leaves, roots, stems as well as pith of herbs, shrubs and also some fruits. However they also feed on the ants, insects but rarely. The afternoon’s times of the mountain gorilla is mostly spent as the resting and playing time. This last activity which ends the day of mountain gorilla is very important to gorillas mostly to the young ones as its determining factor for integration into the group.

In the general life style of gorillas, hierarchy is respected and significant ant within the gorilla group. The silver back who is the leader of the group like father in human beings, he enjoys the most respected rank and also the females’ adults have authority over the younger ones. In relation to other animals, male gorillas gain high rank depending on their size. Usually male silver back gorilla weighs an estimated weight of 200kgs and always reach 1.7 meter when they happen to stand upright.
The reproduction process of gorilla is very slow and this is the cause reduced numbers of world populations of the mountain gorillas. Gestation period is mainly 8.5 months and usually the female gorillas give birth to their babies once after each and every four years. When the baby of gorilla is born it usually weighs 2.5 kgs which is roughly half the exert weigh of the human baby.

Causes of Death among Mountain Gorillas In The Wild

Mountain gorillas is one of the world’s most endangered specie of primates and severely affected by human diseases. Only 880 gorillas left in the world, found in the Virunga chain of mounrain ranges shared among Uganda, Rwanda and Democratic republic of Congo. These are the only destinations where one can book a gorilla safari to see these gentle giants in the natural setting. Mountain gorilla trekking in Rwanda takes place in Volcanoes National park, Uganda has bwindi and Mgahinga National parks and DR Congo has Virunga National Park. A 2 day gorilla trek Rwanda is among the most popular package in Volcanoes N.P while a 3 day gorilla safari Uganda is the top selling in Bwindi National Park.mountaingorilla

Gorillas can get infected with most diseases suffered by human beings that are why the tourists are always advised to as far away from the animals as possible- 7 meters a way. In the distribution range of the mountain gorillas, the climate is wet and cold, which the gorillas are not optimally adapted to. Respiratory tract diseases, particularly pneumonia, are the most frequent cause of death in mountain and low land Gorillas.

Gorillas only rarely have teeth cavities. Mountain gorillas in particular almost never suffer from it, as their food contains very little fruit and hence little sugar. Instead, in the mountain gorillas bad tartar leads to periodontitis, dissolving of the jaw bones and finally to the loss of teeth.

Most free-ranging gorillas have parasites, mainly intestinal parasites like protozoan or worms. Some of these parasites affect humans and gorillas equally, others specialize in gorillas. Various malaria parasites also affect gorillas, but usually they are different species than those that affect humans.
Some Gorillas hurt themselves when they get entangled in a snare with a hand or foot. The wound can get infected and the gorilla may even die from this injury.

In another tragic blow to the mountain gorilla population, a pregnant female gorilla named Samehe in the Nkuringo family group in Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park died on March 26 after suffering a serious head wound. It is thought she had sustained the wound from another mountain gorilla, and although the vets with the Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Program intervened multiple times, she never fully recovered and died this week.

Ebola virus is extremely lethal for humans and other great apes including Gorillas. Recorded outbreaks of the Ebola virus since 2000 might have claimed thousands of gorillas in Africa. It is unclear how the disease is spread but likely through the butchering and handling of primate bush meat. Mountain gorillas have not yet been affected. The conservation implications of Ebola virus are significant since past outbreaks have occurred mainly in remote protected areas that were the stronghold for gorilla protection.